Programa do CILX2018

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TítuloA critical-cognitive analysis of Donald Trump´s discourse across time: Trump as a businessman versus Trump as a president.
AutoríaJohn Fredy Gil Bonilla (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
ResumoOver the last decades, the way in which strategies of self/other-representation and mystification are combined with conceptual metaphors in the construction of ideological discourse has been an interesting area of research for critical discourse analysis (see Charteris-Black, 2006; Hart, 2014; O´Halloran, 2003; Santa-Ana, 2002). Along this line, this paper aims to analyse the discourse of Donald Trump on immigration and economy at two different periods of time: as a businessman in the 80s and 90s, and as the current president of the US. In particular, I want to shed light on the following questions: (1) how are immigrants and economic issues represented in Donald Trump´s discourse before and after being elected president? (2) What participants and events are mystified? (3) What metaphors are used so as to represent these topics?

Data for this research were gathered from four speeches and four interviews delivered by Donald Trump in the eighties-nineties and four speeches and four interviews after being the president of the United States. The transcripts of these speeches were scrutinized, with special attention to the topics of immigration and economy. It should be furthermore noted that the speeches under analysis were mainly addressed to foreigners in the 80s and 90s, however, nowadays, are mainly Americans. The preliminary results show that Trump’s use of metaphors as well as representation and suppressing strategies regarding the themes of immigration and economy in the eighties-nineties are different from those used at the present time. That is, regarding immigration Donald Trump as a businessman seemed to show more empathy and solidarity towards immigrants. His view of economy tends to be ambitious before and after being elected president, though it can be argued that today as the president of the United States his views on economy may be regarded as more radical.
HorarioXoves 14 de xuño | 16:30 - 17:00 | Aula: B1